Planes de acción nacionales

The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights state that States must identify a “smart mix” of mandatory and voluntary international and national measures to protect against business-related human rights abuses. In this framework, the National Plans of Action on Business and Human Rights (NAP) have been considered a key tool for the implementation of the Guiding Principles, and there are numerous actors – such as the UN Human Rights Council , the Organization of American States. . , the OECD , the G7  and the G20 and the private sector , who have called to adopt and implement these places.  Among other advantages, the NAPs and their development, implementation, and monitoring processes contribute to greater coordination and coherence in the various spheres of public policies that relate to business and human rights within the State; they generate participatory processes to identify national priorities and concrete actions; and promote a platform for continuous dialogue among all stakeholders. The Working Group on Business and Human Rights has issued guidance on the processes for preparing Action Plans . The Working Group recognizes that there is no single model for all NAPs, which can be independent policies or integrated into other public policy frameworks. Among the countries that are part of the CERALC project:
  • Peru adopted its first Plan on June 9, 2021, 
  • Colombia adopted the second version of its PAN on December 10, 2020; 
  • Chile is in the stage of implementation and revision of its NAP for the preparation of a second version. 
  • The governments of Argentina , Brazil , Costa Rica , Ecuador , and Mexico have expressed their commitment to develop a NAP and are in different stages of development.
   12 Governments of the region make up the Intergovernmental Community of Practice on Business and Human Rights – a learning platform between people representing 12 governments of the region that lead the business and human rights agenda -Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Peru and Uruguay. The Intergovernmental Community of Practice on a monthly basis to discuss issues related to aspects of the PAN process and content, as well as other issues related to the business and human rights agenda in the region.  Within the framework of the CERALC project, OHCHR has supported the processes of preparation and implementation of the NAPs through technical assistance and capacity building. OHCHR also heads the Technical Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Community of Practice